10.索引优化(二)

不在索引列上做任何操作(计算、函数、(自动或手动)类型转换),会导致索引失效而转向全表扫描。

mysql> EXPLAIN SELECT * FROM staffs where name='july';
+----+-------------+--------+------------+------+-----------------------+-----------------------+---------+-------+------+----------+-------+
| id | select_type | table  | partitions | type | possible_keys         | key                   | key_len | ref   | rows | filtered | Extra |
+----+-------------+--------+------------+------+-----------------------+-----------------------+---------+-------+------+----------+-------+
|  1 | SIMPLE      | staffs | NULL       | ref  | idx_staffs_nameAgePos | idx_staffs_nameAgePos | 74      | const |    1 |   100.00 | NULL  |
+----+-------------+--------+------------+------+-----------------------+-----------------------+---------+-------+------+----------+-------+
1 row in set, 1 warning (0.00 sec)


索引列上少计算

mysql> EXPLAIN SELECT * FROM staffs where left(name, 4)='july';
+----+-------------+--------+------------+------+---------------+------+---------+------+------+----------+-------------+
| id | select_type | table  | partitions | type | possible_keys | key  | key_len | ref  | rows | filtered | Extra       |
+----+-------------+--------+------------+------+---------------+------+---------+------+------+----------+-------------+
|  1 | SIMPLE      | staffs | NULL       | ALL  | NULL          | NULL | NULL    | NULL |    3 |   100.00 | Using where |
+----+-------------+--------+------------+------+---------------+------+---------+------+------+----------+-------------+
1 row in set, 1 warning (0.00 sec)