12. 索引优化(四)

尽量使用覆盖索引

mysql> EXPLAIN SELECT * FROM staffs WHERE name='july' AND age = 25 and pos = 'manager';
+----+-------------+--------+------------+------+-----------------------+-----------------------+---------+-------------------+------+----------+-------+
| id | select_type | table  | partitions | type | possible_keys         | key                   | key_len | ref               | rows | filtered | Extra |
+----+-------------+--------+------------+------+-----------------------+-----------------------+---------+-------------------+------+----------+-------+
|  1 | SIMPLE      | staffs | NULL       | ref  | idx_staffs_nameAgePos | idx_staffs_nameAgePos | 140     | const,const,const |    1 |   100.00 | NULL  |
+----+-------------+--------+------------+------+-----------------------+-----------------------+---------+-------------------+------+----------+-------+
1 row in set, 1 warning (0.00 sec)

mysql> EXPLAIN SELECT name, age, pos FROM staffs WHERE name='july' AND age = 25 and pos = 'manager';
+----+-------------+--------+------------+------+-----------------------+-----------------------+---------+-------------------+------+----------+-------------+
| id | select_type | table  | partitions | type | possible_keys         | key                   | key_len | ref               | rows | filtered | Extra       |
+----+-------------+--------+------------+------+-----------------------+-----------------------+---------+-------------------+------+----------+-------------+
|  1 | SIMPLE      | staffs | NULL       | ref  | idx_staffs_nameAgePos | idx_staffs_nameAgePos | 140     | const,const,const |    1 |   100.00 | Using index |
+----+-------------+--------+------------+------+-----------------------+-----------------------+---------+-------------------+------+----------+-------------+
1 row in set, 1 warning (0.00 sec)

主要相差在extra字段,一个有using index、一个没有