14. 索引优化(六)

is null, is not null也法法使用索引

mysql> EXPLAIN SELECT * from staffs WHERE name IS NULL;
+----+-------------+-------+------------+------+---------------+------+---------+------+------+----------+------------------+
| id | select_type | table | partitions | type | possible_keys | key  | key_len | ref  | rows | filtered | Extra            |
+----+-------------+-------+------------+------+---------------+------+---------+------+------+----------+------------------+
|  1 | SIMPLE      | NULL  | NULL       | NULL | NULL          | NULL | NULL    | NULL | NULL |     NULL | Impossible WHERE |
+----+-------------+-------+------------+------+---------------+------+---------+------+------+----------+------------------+
1 row in set, 1 warning (0.00 sec)

mysql> EXPLAIN SELECT * from staffs WHERE name IS NOT NULL;
+----+-------------+--------+------------+------+-----------------------+------+---------+------+------+----------+-------------+
| id | select_type | table  | partitions | type | possible_keys         | key  | key_len | ref  | rows | filtered | Extra       |
+----+-------------+--------+------------+------+-----------------------+------+---------+------+------+----------+-------------+
|  1 | SIMPLE      | staffs | NULL       | ALL  | idx_staffs_nameAgePos | NULL | NULL    | NULL |    3 |    66.67 | Using where |
+----+-------------+--------+------------+------+-----------------------+------+---------+------+------+----------+-------------+
1 row in set, 1 warning (0.00 sec)